The Czech Republic [ˈtʃɛk rɪˈpʌblɪk] (help·info) (Czech: Česká republika (help·info), IPA: [ˈtʃɛskaː ˈrɛpuˌblɪka], short form in Czech: Česko, IPA: [ˈtʃɛskɔ]), is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country borders Poland to the northeast, Germany to the west, Austria to the south and Slovakia to the east. The capital and largest city is Prague (Czech: Praha). The country is composed of the historic regions of Bohemia and Moravia, as well as parts of Silesia. The Czech Republic has been a member of NATO, since 1999 and the European Union, since 2004. As of 1 January 2009, the Czech Republic holds the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.