Town (or Urban) and Regional Planning is primarily concerned with the planning, design, implementation and management of public interventions in the development and use of land from site to supranational level so as to widen choice, promote equity and ensure sustainable development. The guiding motive of the profession is the generation of viable alternatives to present settlement types. At the current juncture in South Africa’s history, town and regional planning is a key profession in the rectification of the spatial and other imbalances in both urban and rural areas, as well as the improvement of inefficient and under-performing living environments. The challenge for planning lies in the fact that various interests and expectations for the future often present contradictions and conflict. A professional approach, combining sensitivity, analytical and strategic skills, is required to handle the political, social, environmental and economic issues at stake.