The National Monument was designed by architect J.J.P. Oud, with statues by sculptor Johannes Anton Rädecker. The reliefs are by Paul Grégoire. The monument plays an important part in the annual national Remembrance Day on 4 May, remembering those killed since the beginning of World War Two. The monument consists of a 22 metre high pillar with the sculpture ‘Peace’. On the front are four chained male figures representing the war. On the right and left are two Resistance fighters with howling dogs, representing sorrow and loyalty. In front of the monument are two lions by Jan Willem Rädecker, the son of Johannes Anton. On the pillar there is a curved remembrance wall where eleven urns each filled with earth from places of executions and war graveyards from the former eleven provinces, as well as one from the former Dutch Indies.