The house is full of cultural expression in the country, considered the most important opera house of Mexico, and the most important center dedicated to the arts in all its manifestations. UNESCO declared artistic monument in 1987.
The stage is twenty-four meters longitud. It is the large fireproof curtain (unique in the world in an opera house) with the image of the Mexican volcanoes Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl, and weighs 24 tons.
It is home to two museums: the Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes and the National Museum of Architecture.
The building construction began on April 2, 1904 in order to replace the demolished National Theatre in Mexico. The project was led by Italian architect Adamo Boari, who designed an eclectic building styles mixing Art Nouveau and Art Deco in its construction were used in white Carrara marble on the facade and marble of various hues in the interior, which features works by the great Mexican muralists (David Alfaro Siqueiros, Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco etc).
The building height is 52 meters up the spiral and 42.5 m to the ceiling. It has 4 floors and underground parking. In addition to the main hall there are other places like the Sala Manuel M. Ponce, Adamo Boari room, a cafeteria, a library and exhibition halls, both temporary and permanent.